Since March 2016,Tesla Motor, has been the main brand behind the EVs. It was a surprise product, which has gradually attracted the consumer world. After the 3 Tesla models, the car manufacturers had no option other than to join the force. It was a no longer a single man show because Volkswagen, Land Rover, General Motors, and Ford had come in with tones of experience. There is more competition in the market, which is always a good thing for consumers.
How do EVs work?
The performance and power mechanism is the same like vehicles powered with diesel, hydrogen, and petrol. In this case, the charge is the source of fuel. There is a traditional drive unit as well as a gearbox hence normal motion both forward and backwards. You can carry luggage and passengers just like a normal car.
However, there are distinguishing features. First, EVs are less noisy than the traditional cars. Unlike internal combustion cars, EVs have a greater initial acceleration. They also tend to move first after starting when compared to fuel combustion cars.
EVs are also heavy. However, the manufacturers use this to the advantage by placing the batteries on the floor of the car. This increases the center of gravity. There is more space at the bottom of the car hence easy fitting of the batteries.
Considering they have no transmission tunnel running between seats, electric vehicles have more wide cabins space.
Do I need any special skill?
With EVs, you might not need a brake pedal; to slow down; all you need is to lift off your foot from the accelerator pedal. The braking system is based on kinetic energy drawn from the forward motion. The energy is fed to the battery thus cutting off energy when you lift off the accelerator.
Regenerative braking system explains the difference between an EV and ICE.
Most of the EVs have a brake pedal but is only for emergencies. Some manufacturers have recently been boasting of the one pedal mechanism on their EV models but it is nothing unique. All EVs operate on the regenerative braking system. The accelerator speeds up and slows down the car.
You might find it weird when driving for the first time and it is okay but by the end of the week, you will be comfortable with one pedal. The braking force is dependent on how you lift the accelerator; quick lifting suddenly stops the car, gradual lifting slows down the car in stages. The moment you lift off the accelerator, brakes lights will be on. It is efficient and safe if you learn how to use it. In fact, it is much easier than the ICE driving mechanism with two pedals.
However, most manufacturers fit the brake pedal in case you come to an emergency or in extremely cold mornings when the battery are yet to warm up.
Why Electric Vehicles?
You can guess, EVs have zero impact on the environment with regards to emissions. EVs do not have exhausts. However, it would be proper to call it local emissions because there is significant pollution at the production stage. Cities and neighborhoods are free from carbon emissions, which is a major concern with ICE cars.
Construction of EVs involves specific aspects of the environment, which is probably more risky to the environment. Also, production of electricity for storage at the recharge station exposes the environment to more damage.
Critical questions are fronted towards distortion of battery packs when an EV is no longer considered roadworthy. How the manufacturers destroy and make the lithium battery disappear is a legitimate question that raises debate on environmental impact of EVs.
Nevertheless, EVs are a great innovation. The engines are quiet, recharging is cheaper than buying petrol, no need to replace brake pads or engine oil. It is also easier to drive.